!!> PDF / Epub ☁ The Expanding Circle ✍ Author Peter Singer – Playutopia.us

The Expanding Circle What Is Ethics Where Do Moral Standards Come From Are They Based On Emotions, Reason, Or Some Innate Sense Of Right And Wrong For Many Scientists, The Key Lies Entirely In Biology Especially In Darwinian Theories Of Evolution And Self Preservation But If Evolution Is A Struggle For Survival, Why Are We Still Capable Of AltruismIn His Classic Study The Expanding Circle, Peter Singer Argues That Altruism Began As A Genetically Based Drive To Protect One S Kin And Community Members But Has Developed Into A Consciously Chosen Ethic With An Expanding Circle Of Moral Concern Drawing On Philosophy And Evolutionary Psychology, He Demonstrates That Human Ethics Cannot Be Explained By Biology Alone Rather, It Is Our Capacity For Reasoning That Makes Moral Progress Possible In A New Afterword, Singer Takes Stock Of His Argument In Light Of Recent Research On The Evolution Of Morality.

!!> PDF / Epub ☁ The Expanding Circle  ✍ Author Peter Singer – Playutopia.us
  • Hardcover
  • 190 pages
  • The Expanding Circle
  • Peter Singer
  • English
  • 10 August 2019
  • 0374151121

    10 thoughts on “!!> PDF / Epub ☁ The Expanding Circle ✍ Author Peter Singer – Playutopia.us


  1. says:

    4 1 2 stars I had initially planned on giving this book a slightly lower rating, mostly due to two factors Singer s strong commitment to the fact value distinction and the ambivalence he displays in regards to objective normative truths In the new afterword to the edition I have, he now repudiates the latter view, which is a move I welcome However, he doesn t mention that values may be just a special class of facts, and I think admitting the existence of objective normative truths entails th 4 1 2 stars I had initially planned on giving this book a slightly lower rating, mostly due to two factors Singer s strong commitment to the fact value distinction and the ambivalence he displays in regards to objective normative truths In the new afterword to the edition I have, he now repudiates the latter view, which is a move I welcome However, he doesn t mention that values may be just a special class of facts, and I think admitting the existence of objective normative truths entails this view Maybe Singer would agree, but he doesn t explicitly mention the fact value distinction in the afterword, so I m left guessing as to his position.Just a fewthings I d like to comment on First, the general thesis that our moral circle is expanding, and has expanded historically speaking is entirely correct Going off...


  2. says:

    This is an intelligent, highly readable piece of philosophy that, for the most part, is still relevant to modern discussions about the tension between biology and ethics Written as a direct response to E.O Wilson s texts Sociobiology and On Human Nature, this book is a good primer for anyone interested in the longstanding debate concerning whether we ought to look to science or philosophy to resolve our deepest moral quandaries Like any balanced author, Singer proposes a hybrid approach we n This is an intelligent, highly readable piece of philosophy that, for the most part, is still relevant to modern discussions about the tension between biology and ethics Written as a direct response to E.O Wilson s texts Sociobiology and On Human Nature, this book is a good primer for anyone interested in the longstanding debate concerning whether we ought to look to science or philosophy to resolve our deepest moral quandaries Like any balanced author, Singer proposes a hybrid approach we need to couple scientific facts with philosophically derived ethical principles While this position isn t very novel today, I imagine it was probably muchso in the early 80s when most of the world was still busy demonizing E.O Wilson for his incredibly insightful and regrettably inflammatory work Before reading this, Singer was known to me as someone who achieved notoriety by advocating a rather harsh form...


  3. says:

    A fascinating exploration of the relationship between ethics and science, especially sociobiology Singer argues that certain kinds of altruism kin, reciprocal, even group may result in an evolutionary advantage, so that these traits may come to be strongly coded in our genes The fact that these forms of altruism are natural however, does not, by itself make them ethical Singer is especially good, in Chapter 3, on drawing a distinction between the ability of science to understand and pre A fascinating exploration of the relationship between ethics and science, especially sociobiology Singer argues that certain kinds of altruism kin, reciprocal, even group may result in an evolutionary advantage, so that these traits may come to be strongly coded in our genes The fact that these forms of altruism are natural however, does not, by itself make them ethical Singer is especially good, in Chapter 3, on drawing a distinction between the ability of science to understand and predict the behavior of human beings and the likely consequences of their actions...


  4. says:

    An excellent introduction to the ethical system of universal well being One of the best ideas Singer presents here is that science is the fulcrum upon which reason exerts leverage on ethics You can find the...


  5. says:

    This was an interesting analysis on the connect between evolution and ethics and does a good job of arguing that evolution and biology cannot explain everything about morality largely because of the is ought distinction which most st...


  6. says:

    Singer s book feels strikingly contemporary in 2017, as other reviewers have also pointed out The expanding circle is a wonderful metaphor of how we can improve our ethical rules by beinginclusive in who we include in our moral calculations And it also makes for a wonderful book, which provides plenty of interesting arguments in defence of the careful and conservative integration of the insights of evolutionary psychology and sociobiology into moral philosophy Singer s book came out Singer s book feels strikingly contemporary in 2017, as other reviewers have also pointed out The expanding circle is a wonderful metaphor of how we can improve our ethical rules by beinginclusive in who we include in our moral calculations And it also makes for a wonderful book, which provides plenty of interesting arguments in defence of the careful and conservative integration of the insights of evolutionary psychology and sociobiology into moral philosophy Singe...


  7. says:

    I learned from this book that I tend not to help abstract people because they were not part of my inner circle For the reason pulled from an evolutionary survival standpoint I ve been puzzled by peopl...


  8. says:

    Woot woot Finished a book in one day Have not done that in spook long With that out of the way, I will begin by stating the obvious Singer s arguments sound extremely modern and pertinentso much so that I was shocked when I realized that thirty years had passed since the initial publication of this book Of course, the afterward was really helpful in reminding me of developments that I am slightly knowledgeable of, but didn t think of whilst reading the piece itself Otherwise, stunning Woot woot Finished a book in one day Have not done t...


  9. says:

    Singer s thesis is ridiculous There s no denying the West has become considerablyjust since the Enlightenment, but his rationale, that it has been because of our occidental capacity to reason is eurocentric nonsense Our human capacity to reason has always been there, often to a much greater degree He mentions how the Golden Rule has been a part of every Oriental and Occidental society, but fails to mention the same concept of reciprocity has also been part of many, if not all indi Singer s thesis is ridiculous There s no denying the West has become considerablyjust since the Enlightenment, but his rationale, that it has been because of our occidental capacity to reason is eurocentric nonsense Our human capacity to reason has always been there, often to a much greater degree He mentions how the Golden Rule has been a part of every Oriental and Occidental society, but fails to mention the same concept of reciprocity has also been part of many, if not all indigenous societies see Mauss The Gift , most of which include a farexpanded circle, including non human animals Schweitzer and the earth itself Leopold Singer completely ignores the struggle of the oppressed Women and black people were not given equal rights in the twentieth century by white man s increased capacity to reason, they earned equal rights because they fought for them Of course this does not bode well for the voiceless amongst us...

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